Pollution, Types of Pollution, Essay on Pollution
Today I am going to share this blog post on pollution and types of pollution. Pollution is a very big problem and a matter of concern for human beings. In this post I have shared types of pollution, meaning of pollution and some effective measures which should be taken in action to reduce the harmful effects of pollution. As we know that global warming which is concerned as one of the major problems for living beings is caused by pollution. The excessive increase in the emission of Carbon Dioxide is the main cause of global warning. So, please read the post till end and help in making your environment living friendly.
What is Pollution ?
Environment is the surrounding of an organism. This environment in which an organism lives is made up of various elements like air, water, land etc. These elements are found in fixed proportions to create a harmonious balance in the environment for the organism to live in. Any kind of undesirable and unwanted change in the proportions of these elements can be termed as pollution.
With the rise of the industries and the migration of people from villages to towns in search of employment, there has been a regular increase in the problem of proper housing, and unhygienic conditions of living has led to rise in factors which increase pollution.
The mad race among countries of the world to compete against each other in the index of development has harmed the health of the people itself. Progress in agriculture and industry is taken as an indicator of development. This resulted in the exploitation of natural resources in a reckless manner. Thus, pollution has been inevitable gift of industrialization and urbanization.
Types of Pollution :
Now I am going to share the types of pollution and their harmful effects.
Water Pollution : The growth of industries has given rise to the problem disposal of waste material of the industries. Many a times, the waste products of these industries contain poisonous elements which if disposed without being properly treated, pollute the rivers and other water bodies. Thus, we face the problem of water pollution.
The poisonous water and waste product of the factories mingles with the water bodies and poisons them. Resulting, the aquatic life gets affected. Fish die, disturbing the ecological balance. The water too is rendered useless which can neither be used for drinking or washing. This also results in the reduction of the area of water bodies. Such a situation arises when non-degradable products are dumped on follow land or on the banks of rivers and sea shores.
Waste materials such as plastics, polythene, bottles etc cause land pollution and render soil infertile. Moreover, dumping of dead bodies of people and animals, washing of clothes and utensils too add to the problem. In recent surveys, Sabarmati river in Gujarat, Yamuna and Ganga rivers have been found to be excessively polluted. Yamuna has been described as an ‘Open Drain’.
Air Pollution : Another major types of pollution is the air that we breathe in being polluted by the smoke pouring out of chimneys and automobiles. No doubt, air pollution takes place even by volcanoes, cyclones, forest fires etc but human activities are more responsible for causing air pollution. Gases like CO2 , CO, SO2, are emitted which mix with air and cause great harm to the human body, flora and fauna.
The use of dry farm waste, dry grass, leaves and coal used as domestic fuels in our villages also produce harmful gases. Acid rain occurs due to excess of SO2 in the air. The most tragic incident of air pollution is the Bhopal Gas Tragedy when the dangerous Methyl Isocyanide was emitted from Union carbide Fertilizer Factory in 1984 which killed thousands of men, woman and rendered thousands of other handicapped.
Fire crackers, nuclear explosions, air conditioners, refrigerators, organic solvents, pesticides etc also contribute significantly in polluting air. Air pollution not only causes various kinds of allergies, respiratory problems and other health problems but also affects the vegetation, animal life and the environment. The soot which contains high concentration of hydrocarbons proves harmful for monuments like the Taj Mahal.
Noise Pollution : Another very subtle types of pollution is noise pollution. Technology has given us comfort along with a cacophony of harsh and inharmonious sounds. This problem is extremely severe in big towns and cities. The maddening horns, loud speakers, music system etc cause metabolic, hearing and other kinds of disorders. Noise pollution may also lead to a nervous breakdown or madness. Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board recently revealed that even silence zones, such as hospitals, schools and residential areas are suffering from high decibels of sound.
Effective Measures to Reduce Pollution and its effects:
Thus, we see that there are various types of pollution which need to be checked in time. Problems like ozone depletion, global warming, greenhouse effect, change in climatic and weather conditions, melting of glaciers etc have arisen due to pollution. Strict and serious measures should be taken to control it. Industrial waste should be properly treated in special treatment plants before letting it flow into the water bodies or dumping it. The pollution department of Farrukhabad issued directives to close all textile dyeing units, polluting the Ganga river.
Use of organic manures should be encouraged instead of chemical fertilizers to prevent soil pollution. Planting of trees should be encouraged and cutting down green trees should be strictly checked. Unleaded petrol should be used in vehicles. The directions of Supreme Court to manufacture cars as per Euro I and Euro II norms should be strictly enforced.
Industries should have proper emission systems and should conform to the laws in order to ensure safety of the people living in residential areas around. Strict laws should be legislated and enforced regarding the keeping of our sea shores and river banks clean. For example, Himachal Pradesh was the first state to ban plastic and polythene bags, to save the fragile ecology of Himalayas. But the law exists only on paper.
The horns of automobiles should be checked as per the limits prescribed by law. Loud speakers music system etc should be strictly prohibited after ten at night and vehicles should not be allowed to play their stereos at high volume.
The Government, after launching online green clearance systems for industrial and infrastructure projects, now will monitor treatment of industrial effluents and emissions, in a similar manner, by using online systems. The purpose is to bring transparency and facilitate real-time analysis of waste discharge.
The Government should also try to educate people about various kinds of pollution and create public awareness. People should be involved in helping to reduce and control pollution. Moreover, punishments should be strictly given in case of violation of any environmental law so that such people learn a lesson. Until we all get serious and resolve to make our planet a better place to live in, humanity stands amidst grave danger of perishing and being destroyed due to the severe and increasing problem of pollution.
This is all about pollution and types of pollution. You can share this post on pollution with your friends via social networks to aware them. Give us your valuable comments.